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Monday, July 04, 2005

Mammals: African Elephant


Description

It has long been known that the African and Asian elephants are separate species. African elephants tend to be larger than the Asian species (up to 4 m high and 7500 kg) and have bigger ears (which are rich in veins and thought to help in cooling off the blood in the hotter African climate). Female African elephants have tusks, while female Asian Elephants do not. African elephants have a dipped back, as compared with the Asian species, and have two "fingers" at the tip of their trunks, as opposed to only one.

There are two populations of African elephants, Savannah and Forest, and recent genetic studies have led to a reclassification of these as separate species, the forest population now being called Loxodonta cyclotis, and the Savannah (or Bush) population termed Loxodonta africanus. This reclassification has important implications for conservation, because it means where there were thought to be two small populations of a single endangered species, there may in fact be two separate species, each of which is even more severely endangered. There's also a potential danger in that if the forest elephant isn't explicitly listed as an endangered species, poachers and smugglers might thus be able to evade the law forbidding trade in endangered animals and their body parts.

Status: Classified as Endangered (EN - A1b) on the IUCN Red List 2002.

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4 Comments:

  • Keep up the good work ! :-)
    Do you speak French by the way ?

    By Blogger tehume, at 19:16  

  • Merci! Et bien sûr :) Je suis du Luxembourg.

    By Blogger Daldianus, at 19:26  

  • Oui, je sais que tu viens du Luxembourg mais je n'étais pas sûr que tous les Luxembourgeois parlaient français. :-)
    On est allé pour la première fois au Luxembourg le mois dernier et nous avons rencontré quelques personnes qui ne parlaient pas français.

    J'ai trouvé un article que j'ai copié/collé sur un de mes blogs à propos du Niger en pensant à ce que tu disais sur le fait que l'on devrait les aider autrement.

    Bon, je vais arrêter de prendre de la place dans tes commentaires et vais lire un peu ce que tu as à nous apprendre sur les flamands du jour ;-)

    By Blogger tehume, at 11:19  

  • Je viens de faire un très mauvais jeu de mots sans le faire expres: je voulais dire "flamants"... :-)

    By Blogger tehume, at 11:23  

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